Tuesday, February 2, 2016

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Zika virus is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus, transmitted by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti. Its name comes from the Zika Forest of Uganda, where the virus was first isolated in 1947

The signs and symptoms of the virus includes having high fever, joint pain, conjunctivitis and rash. 

The first outbreak that occurred took place in Brazil based on the issued alert of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). The outbreak caused the Guillan-Barre syndrome and that the pregnant women delivered their babies with defects and negative pregnancy outcomes. 

When a mom-to-be becomes infected with Zika virus, the virus can also infect the fetus. In countries affected by Zika outbreaks, there has also been an increase in cases of microcephaly. That link is why health experts believe Zika infection during pregnancy may lead to a rare birth defect called microcephaly. Microcephaly is a neurological condition that causes babies to be born with small heads and severe developmental issues, and in rare instances it can result in death. The highest risk to the fetus is believed to be when the mother is infected during the first trimester.

According to the reports, there are no vaccines available for the said virus. The authorities claim that the best prevention is to avoid the places that has an outbreak and to use stuff that avoids mosquito bites.
Source: TNP
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